Three-year Mashing Operations for Better Deer Forage: Research Brief

In  the  interest  of  increasing browse  for deer   populations  on  California  chaparral lands,  a   brush  manipulation  program was  conducted by   the  California  Department  of  Fish & Game  (CDFG) from  1955  to  1960. The results of this project are discussed in this brief. 
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Gibbens, R.P. and A. M. Schultz. 1963. Brush manipulation on a deer winter range. California Fish and Game 49: 95-118.