Drought following fire can cause increased mortality in some resprouting chaparral shrub species and cause shifts in relative abundance compared to prefire levels.
Pratt, R.B., A.L. Jacobson, A.R. Ramirez. A.M. Helms, C.A. Traugh, M.F. Tobin, M.S. Heffner, and S. D. Davis. 2014. Mortality of resprouting chaparral shrubs after a fire and during a record drought: physiological mechanisms and demographic consequences. Global Change Biology 20(3):893-907.