Flammable Ecosystems Shaped Three Plant Syndromes

Because the evidence for fire as an evolutionary force is so overwhelming, Pausas et al. (2016) conveniently organized fire-adapted plant species into three syndromes for better management. The resulting Non-Fast-Hot syndrome scheme shows how different plant species likely evolved to either resist or use three dimensions of flammability (ignitability, fire spread rate, and heat release) for higher fitness. 

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Pausas, Juli G., Keeley, Jon E., and Dylan W. Schwilk. 2016. Flammability as an ecological and evolutionary driver. Journal of Ecology. 105:289-297. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12691